Portrait (head shot photo)
John Whiteclay Chambers II
Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History
Degree: Ph.D. Columbia University, New York, NY
Rutgers : At Rutgers from 1982-2017
Specialty: 19th and 20th Century American History, American History


  • Ph.D. Columbia University, New York, NY
  • M.A. San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA
  • B.A. Temple University, Philadelphia, PA


  • "Office of Strategic Services (OSS) Training in World War II." An Historical Study for the National Park Service of the OSS Training Camps in Catoctin Mountain Park, Maryland, and Prince William Forest Park, Virginia during World War II.
  • History of War, Peace, and the Military in U.S. history, especially the way the nation has raised its armies in the Civil War, World War I, and World War II.
  • History and Film: The way that feature and documentary films from 1890s to the present have represented and interpreted the past.


  • "'Farewell Dear Sister' A Union Soldier's Fateful Civil War Journey from Port Royal to Petersburg, 1861-1864." Editing of the diary and letters of a private in the 97th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
  • "All Quiet on the Western Front," the 1930 Film and the Image of the First World War. An examination of the 1930 film, its production in the United States, its reception in numerous countries, and its relationship to the public image and memory of World War I.
  • After the Oval Office: The Transformation of the Ex-Presidency. An examination of the rise and transformation since the 1950s of the quasi-public "Office of the Former President" and an evaluation of the causes and significance of this process as well as changing roles of ex-presidents.



  • 512:347 War, Peace, and the Military from 1607-1865
  • 512:348 War, Peace, and the Military from 1866 to the present
  • 512:335 History on Film
  • 506:402: "Oral History of the American Experience in World War II" and "Film and History"


  • Problems and Directed Readings in American History
  • Colloquium on Film and History
  • Research in History


  • Editor-in-chief, The Oxford Companion to American Military History (N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 1999)
  • editor (with Kurt Piehler), Major Problems in American Military History (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998)
  • editor with David Culbert), World War II, Film, and History (N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 1996)
  • author, To Raise an Army: The Draft Comes to Modern America (N.Y.: The Free Press of Macmillan, 1987)
  • author, The Tyranny of Change: America in the Progressive Era, 1890-1920 (N.Y.: St. Martin's Press, 1980; 2nd ed. 1992; 3rd updated ed., New Brunswick: Rutgers Univ. Press, 2000)
  • author of "The American Debate over Modern War, 1871-1914," in Manfred F. Boemeke, Roger Chickering, and Stig Foerster, eds., Anticipating Total War: The German and American Experience, 1871-1914 (NY: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999), 241-280.
  • Book Reviews published in the American Historical Review, Armed Forces & Society, Journal of American History, Journal of Military History, Presidential Studies Quarterly, and The Washington Post Book World.


  • 2005 Outstanding Teacher Award, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ
  • 2001 Distinguished Reference Book Award for The Oxford Companion to American Military History from the Society for Military History.
  • 1997 First recipient, Scholar-in-Residence, University of Tokyo, Organization of American Historians and the Japanese Association for American Studies.
  • 1995-96 Visiting Fellowship, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ
  • 1995 Ernest McMahon Award for Educational Outreach, Rutgers University


  • American Historical Association: Chair, John O'Connor Film and TV Prize Committee, 2005-2006
  • Organization of American Historians: Chair, Japan Committee, 2000-2003;
  • Chair, Binkley-Stephensen Prize Committee, 1998-99
  • Society for Military History: Presidential nominee, 2001
  • Historial de la grande guerre, centre de recherch√©, Peronne, France, Advisory Committee, 1997-
  • International Association for Media and History (IAMHIST), Executive Council, 1997-
  • Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II, Chair of Advisory Board, 1994--
  • Peace History Society
  • Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society
  • Society of Historians of American Foreign Relations (SHAFR)