People

  • Portrait (head shot photo)
  • Jack Bouchard
  • Assistant Professor of History
  • Degree: Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh
  • Rutgers : At Rutgers since 2020
  • Specialty: Environmental history, Atlantic history, Early Modern European History
  • Email: jack.bouchard@rutgers.edu
  • Office: Van Dyck Hall

 

Biography

I am an historian of maritime environments, food, and island geographies in the late medieval and early modern Atlantic world. My main research has been on the sixteenth-century fisheries at Newfoundland, but I am more broadly interested in the earliest years of European expansion into the Atlantic basin during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. I received my PhD from the History Department of the University of Pittsburgh in 2018. In addition, I hold an M.A. in history from McGill University, and a B.A. in Classical Studies and History from Brandeis University. My work has been supported by the Mellon Foundation, the World History Center and the European Union Center at the University of Pittsburgh, FEEGI, ASEH, the Lilian B. Lawler Fellowship, and the Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences.

My first book project, Terra Nova: Food, Water and Work in an Early Atlantic World, is a study of the earliest years of European fishing in the northwest Atlantic. It tells the story of how, in the first decades of the sixteenth century, largely anonymous groups of mariners from across Europe forged a vast, seasonal fishery  around what is today the island of Newfoundland, a space they knew as Terra Nova. I aim to contextualize this transformation within a much broader history of the Atlantic, connecting it to colonization in Hispaniola and fishwork in Saharan Africa, and to show how consumer tastes and maritime labour intersected to create one of the largest food enterprises in history. It will be the first manuscript to approach the northwest Atlantic from the sea, the ship, and the dinner plate at the same time.

In addition to the history of Terra Nova I am interested in the study of global foodways in the premodern world. From 2018-2020 I was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Folger Institute of the Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, DC. I worked as part of an interdisciplinary team for the Before “Farm to Table”: Early Modern Foodways and Culture project, a $1.5million, Mellon Foundation-funded multidisciplinary project which used the collection at the Folger Shakespeare Library to explore food culture in the early modern Atlantic. As part of this we used public outreach, digital projects, teaching, and group archival research to explore questions of food security, culinary knowledge and commodity circulation. I will continue this work at Rutgers, and am interested in the history of Middle East/North Africa foodways in Europe, the role of seafood in the premodern diet, and the use of recipe books in research and teaching.

At Rutgers I teach environmental history, with an emphasis on global, premodern, and maritime perspectives.

Publications

Peer Reviewed:

  • Manuscript in Progress: Terra Nova: Food, Water, and Work in an Early Atlantic World
  • “‘Gens sauvages et estranges’: Amerindians and the early fishery in the sixteenth century Gulf of St. Lawrence" in The Greater Gulf: Essays on the Environmental History of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, edited by Ed Macdonald, Brian Paine and Claire Campbell. McGill-Queens University Press, February, 2020.
  • “One British Thing: An Anonymous Recipe Manuscript, 18th century” for Journal of British Studies. Vol. 59, no. 2, April 2020, pp.396-399. Co-authored with Amanda Herbert.
  • “Seasonal Migrations and Material Culture in the Sixteenth-century North Atlantic" in World History Connected. Forum: Studies in Migration Worldwide. Volume 11, No. 3. October 2014.

Other Publications:

  • “Europe 1200-1450” and “Oceanic Empires, 1450-1750” for the World History Project
  • Contributor, Food in World History blog
  • “Stockfish and the Texture of Trust in the Early Modern Period” for a special series on texture for The Recipes Project
  • “Presentism in Environmental History: The View from the Sixteenth Century” for Network in Canadian History and Environment (NiCHE), June 2018
  • “In the spirit of Oktoberfest: Food, drink, and changing times in early modern Europe” for Shakespeare and Beyond
  • Co-Authored with Elisa Tersigni, “Thanksgiving 2018: Baking Cog’s Biscuits” and co-Authored with Elisa Tersigni, Michael Walkden and Julia Fine, “Much Ado About Stuffing” for Shakespeare and Beyond

Professional Affiliations

  • World History Association (WHA)
  • American Society for Environmental History (ASEH)
  • Forum on Early-Modern Empires and Global Interactions (FEEGI)
  • American Historical Association (AHA)